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Colonial and Territorial (1600-1803) | Early Statehood (1803-1865) | The Gilded Age & Progressive Era (1865-1929) | Modern Ohio (1929-Present) | Maps | Historical Agencies | Digital Collections

Primary Documents

Colonial and Territorial (1600-1803)

Literary

The First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820

Native American

Chief Logan’s Lament, 1774
Treaty at Fort Pitt With the Delaware Nation on September 17, 1778
Treaty With the Wyandot, 1785
Treaty at the Mouth of the Great Miami on the Northwestern Bank of the Ohio With the Shawnee on January 31, 1786
Treaty of the Harmar on the Muskigum with the Wyandot (Huron), Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Sauk, January 9, 1789
Treaty of Greenville, 1795

Northwest Territory 

An ordinance for ascertaining the mode of locating and disposing of lands in the Western Territory, 1774-1789
Land Ordinance of 1785
Northwest Ordinance, 1787

Political Documents

Treaty of Paris, 1763
Paris Peace Treaty of 1783

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Early Statehood (1803-1865)

African American

Constitution of Oberlin Anti-slavery society, founded June, 1835
“Ain’t I A Woman?” by Sojourner Truth 1851
Darling Nelly Gray, an anti-slavery song by Benjamin Hanby, 1856
John Brown’s Speech Before the Court, 1859
John Brown’s Last Prophecy, 1859
Letters of John A. Copeland from Charleston Jail, 1859
Jacob Bruner Letters, 1861-1863

Literary

Description of the Antiquities Found in the State of Ohio and Other Western States by Caleb Atwater, 1820
Letters about Traveling to Oberlin in the 1830s
History of the Backwoods, or the Region of the Ohio by A. W. Patterson, 1843
Historical Collections of Ohio by Henry Howe, 1851

Military

Civil War Letters of Colonel James Perry Fyffe, 1861-1863
Civil War Diary of William H. Clough. 8th Ohio Infantry. Pvt. Co. H., 1864

Native American

Treaty of Fort Wayne on the Miami of the Lake with the Delawares, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Miami, Eel River, Wea Kickapoo, Piankashew, and Kaskaskia, June 7, 1803
Treaty of Vincennes with the Eel River, Wyandot, Piankashaw and Kaskaskia on August 7, 1803
Treaty of St. Mary’s, Ohio with the Wyandot on September 20, 1818
Treaty of St. Mary’s, Ohio with the Wea on October 2, 1818
Treaty of St. Mary’s, Ohio with the Delawares on October 3, 1818
Treaty of St. Mary’s, Ohio with the Miami on October 6, 1818
Treaty of St. Louis, Missouri with the Shawnee on November 7, 1825
Treaty of the Sandusky River, Ohio with the Delawares on August 3, 1829
Treaty of Pleasant Plains, Near Lewiston, Ohio with the Seneca, and Shawnee on July 20, 1831
Treaty of Wapaghkonnetta, Ohio with the Shawnee on August 8, 1831
Treaty of the Indian Reserve on the Miami Bay, Lake Erie with the Ottawa on August 30, 1831
Treaty of Mccutcheonville, Ohio with the Wyandot on January 19, 1832
Treaty of Castor Hill, Missouri with the Shawnee and the Delaware on October 26, 1832
Treaty of Maumee with the Ottawa of February 18, 1833
Treaty of the Wyandot of Ohio on April 23, 1836
Treaty of the Council House in Upper Sandusky, Ohio with the Wyandot on March 1, 1842
Treaty of Washington D. C. with the Wyandot on April 1, 1850
Treaty of Washington D. C. with the Delawares on May 6, 1854
Treaty of Washington D. C. with the Shawnee on May 10, 1854
Treaty of Washington D.C. with the Wyandot on January 31, 1855
History of the Shawnee, From the Year 1681 to 1854, Inclusive by Henry Harvey, 1855
Treaty of Leavenworth City, Kansas with the Delawares on July 2, 1861

Political Documents

Rush-Bagot Agreement, 1817
Inaugural Address of William Henry Harrison, 1841
Constitution of the State of Ohio, 1851

Religion

Church of the Latter-Day Saints Doctrine & Covenants, 1835

Women

“Student Compositions of Mary Sheldon,” 1842-1848
“Our Duty to the Oppressed” by Mary Sheldon, May 28 1850
“Young Women” by Frances Hazen, May 1859

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The Gilded Age and Progressive Era (1865-1929)

African American

The Cleveland Gazette, Published 1883-1945
George A. Myers Papers, 1890-1929
Colonel Charles Young Collections, 1897-1931

Labor

Letters of Love and Labor by Samuel M. Jones, 1900

Literary

History of Ashtabula County, Ohio by William W. Williams, 1878
Excerpts from History of the Western Reserve by Harriet Taylor Upton, 1910
Poems by Vachel Lindsay, 1915-1916

Military

Cleveland as a Naval Depot, 1865

Native American

Treaty of Delaware Agency, Kansas, with the Delawares on July 4, 1866

Political Documents

First Inaugural Address of Ulysses S. Grant, 1869
Second Inaugural Address of Ulysses S. Grant, 1873
Inaugural Address of Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877
Diary and letters of Rutherford B. Hayes, 1834-1881
Inaugural Address of James Garfield, 1881
Inaugural Address of Benjamin Harrison, 1889
Inaugural Address of William McKinley, 1897
Inaugural Address of William Howard Taft, 1909
Inaugural Address of Warren G. Harding, 1921

Science and Technology

Conservancy and The Cuyahoga River Improvement Recommendations, 1919

Women

Why Farmers’ Wives and All Other Women Should Have the Ballot,” Frances Jennings Casement, ca. 1880s
Frances Jennings Casement Suffrage Diary, 1883-1885
Ohio Woman Suffrage Convention Broadside, 1891

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Modern Ohio (1929-Present)

African American

WPA Ex-Slave Narratives, 1937-1938
Documents on the Barbershop Controversy in Oberlin, 1944

Native American

Lenape Indian Document, 1999

Political Documents

Dayton Peace Accords, 1996
Current Constitution of the State of Ohio

Science and Technology

Transcripts of Communications from John Glenn’s Friendship 7 Space Capsule, February 20, 1962

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Maps

Map of the Northwest Territory, 1787
“A Plan of the City of Cleaveland,” 1796
Map of Ohio, 1812
John Melish Map of Ohio, 1812
Village of Cleveland, 1814
Atlas of Cuyahoga County, Ohio ca. 1874
Original Canal Plat Maps, by county, 1890-1915
Engineering the Cuyahoga River Maps, 1917-1949
Great Lakes Exposition Souvenir Map, 1936

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Historical Agencies

African American Museum
Ashtabula County Historical Society
Aurora Historical Society
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Historical Society
Cascade Locks Park Association
Case Western Reserve University Library
Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Cleveland Police Historical Society, Inc.
Cleveland Public Library
Crawford Auto-Aviation Museum
Dittrick Medical History Museum
Dunham Tavern Museum
Edison Birthplace Museum
Fairport Harbor Marine Museum and Lighthouse
Great Lakes Historical Society
Hale Farm and Village
Hudson Library & Historical Society
Lake County Historical Sociey
Lawnfield, James A. Garfield National Historic Site
Loghurst Farm Museum
Lorain County Historical Society
Madison County Ohio History and Genealogy
Mahoning Valley Historical Society
McKinley Memorial Library and Museum
Ohio and Erie Canal Corridor Coalition
Ohio Archeological Council
Ohio Genealogical Society
Ohio Historical Society
Ohio Museum of Transportation
Ohio Museums Association
Portage County Historical Society
Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
Shaker Historical Society and Musuem
Shandy Hall
Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens
Steamship William G. Mather Museum
Summit County Historical Society
USS Cod Home Port
Wayne County Historical Society
Western Reserve Historical Society

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Digital Collections

American Memory, Library of Congress
Cleveland Digital Library
Cleveland Memory Project
Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

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